In Ukrainian villages, construction skills were based on local traditions and knowledge handed down generation to generation. Wood, clay and thatched roofs were primary building materials in most vernacular architecture of Russian and Ukrainian peasants.
Ukrainian and Russian folk architecture of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries shows a considerable influence of baroque ornamentation and neoclassic orders while preserving traditional materials like wood and clay. The village usually had residential houses, wooden churches, sheds, wind mills and sometimes a marketplace.
The peasant home usually had a cooking area, sleeping area, holy corner, household work area, and guest area; outside around the house there was a small backyard with fruit trees and bushes and vegetable gardens surrounded by wattle fences, hung with clay pots and jars dying in the sun.
The beautiful yet simple Russian and Ukrainian architecture, colorful nature and significant landmarks are always present in folklore, folk art, songs, movies and cartoons about folk life.
An award-winning Ukrainian cartoon, Zhyl Byl Pes (Жил Был Пес – There Lived a Dog). Check it out by clicking the image above.
- Ukrainian folk song “Ой я молода на базар ходила (Oh, I am young, went to the market)”
- Contemporary Ukrainian song, in a folk style: Odna Kalyna (One Viburnum)
- Pirogov: Museum of Folk Architecture and Life, outside of Kiev
- A video of Pirogov
- Another Museum of Folk Architecture and Life